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Woo Lee, Ph.D.
Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science (KRISS)
Yuseong, 305-340 Daejeon, Korea
Tel: +82-42-868-5397
Fax: +82-42-868-5032
email: woolee(at)
The most important subject of my research and progress
Woo Lee is a principal research scientist at Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science (KRISS) and Professor at the Department of Nano Science, University of Science and Technology (UST). He received his Ph.D. from Department of Chemistry, Seoul National University (2003). He worked with the late Prof. Ulrich Gosele as a postdoctoral research fellow and later a group leader at Max-Planck-Institut fur Mikrostrukturphysik in Halle, Germany, until he joined KRISS in 2008. He brought a renewed attention to the academic research on pulsed anodization as well as hard anodization of aluminum by establishing new self-ordering regimes and also by implementing them to structural engineering of porous AAO. His research interests focus on the anodization of aluminum and template-based synthesis of low-dimensional functional nanostructures for memory and energy harvesting applications. He has published about 80 peer reviewed articles with accumulated citations > 6,000 times and with an h-index of 38. He has been involved in organising or co-organising symposia in international conferences including 2010 MRS Spring, 2011 MRS Fall meeting, and etc.

Research Interests

  • The effect of stress on anodisation kinetics and self-organisation behaviours of pores.
  • Anodisation electrochemistry: mild anodisation, hard anodisation, pulse anodisation, and etc.
  • Synthesis and fabrications of nanostructured materials: studies on growth mechanism and structure-property relation.

  • Selected Publications   

  • Structural Engineering of Porous Anodic Aluminum Oxide (AAO) and Applications.
    W. Lee
    In Nanoporous Alumina: Fabrication, Structure, Properties and Applications; Losic, D., Santos, A., Eds.
    Springer Series in Materials Science [ISBN: 978-3-319-20333-1], Vol. 219, pp. 107-153 (2015).

  • Porous Anodic Aluminium Oxide (AAO): Anodization and templated synthesis of functional nanostructures.
    W. Lee and S. Park
    Chem. Rev. 114, 7487-7556 (2014).

  • The anodization of aluminum for nanotechnology applications.
    W. Lee
    JOM 62, 57-63 (2010).

  • A continuous process for structurally well-defined Al2O3 nanotubes based on pulse anodization of aluminum.
    W. Lee, R. Scholz, U. Gösele
    Nano Lett. 8, 2155-2160 (2008).

  • Individually addressable epitaxial ferroelectric nanocapacitor arrays with near Tb/in2 density.
    W. Lee, H. Han, A. Lotnyk, M.A. Schubert, S. Senz, M. Alexe, D. Hesse, S. Baik, U. Gösele
    Nature Nanotechnology 3, 402-407 (2008).

  • Structural engineering of nanoporous anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) by pulse anodization of aluminum.
    W. Lee, K. Schwirn, M. Steinhart, E. Pippel, R. Scholz, and U. Gösele
    Nature Nanotechnology 3, 234-239 (2008).

  • Self-ordering behavior of nanoporous anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) in malonic acid anodization.
    W. Lee, K. Nielsch, and U. Gösele
    Nanotechnology 18, 475713 (2007).

  • Fast fabrication of long-range ordered porous alumina membranes by hard anodization.
    W. Lee, R. Ji, U. Gösele, and K. Nielsch
    Nature Materials 5, 741-747 (2006).

  • Wafer-scale Ni imprint stamps for porous alumina membranes based on interference lithography.
    W. Lee, R. Ji, C. A. Ross, U. Gösele, and K. Nielsch
    Small 2, 978-982 (2006).

  • Template-based electrochemical method for multi-segmented metallic nanotubes.
    W. Lee, R. Scholz, K. Nielsch, and U. Gösele
    Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 44, 6050-6054 (2005).

  • Membership in Academic Society

  • The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS)
  • Materials Research Society (MRS)
  • The Electrochemical Society (ECS)
  • The Korean Electrochemical Society (KECS)
  • Editorial Board Member, Journal of Nanoscience Letters
  • Editorial Advisory Board, The Open Physical Chemistry Journal
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